(古月居)ROS探索总结(六)使用smartcar进行仿真使用smartcar进行仿真——INDIGO版修正

1.刚开始学ROS,看的古月居的博客,写的很好。可能是时间比较久了,直接使用他的代码会出很多BUG。一边google一边试的,调了一晚上,忘了都改了哪些部分了,最终可以在rviz中显示车的模型了,但是还不能控制移动,先到这里,做下记录。
2.
他的博文原址:http://www.guyuehome.com/248
下面贴下我修改过后的代码:
urdf文件夹下
机器人主体:
smartcar_body.urdf.xacro

<?xml version="1.0"?>
<robot name="smartcar" xmlns:xacro="http://ros.org/wiki/xacro">
  <property name="M_PI" value="3.14159"/>

  <!-- Macro for SmartCar body. Including Gazebo extensions, but does not include Kinect -->
  <include filename="$(find smartcar_description)/urdf/gazebo.urdf.xacro"/>

  <property name="base_x" value="0.33" />
  <property name="base_y" value="0.33" />

  <xacro:macro name="smartcar_body">


        <link name="base_link">
        <inertial>
      <origin xyz="0 0 0.055"/>
      <mass value="1.0" />
      <inertia ixx="1.0" ixy="0.0" ixz="0.0" iyy="1.0" iyz="0.0" izz="1.0"/>
    </inertial>
    <visual>
      <geometry>
        <box size="0.25 .16 .05"/>
      </geometry>
          <origin rpy="0 0 0" xyz="0 0 0.055"/>
      <material name="blue">
          <color rgba="0 0 .8 1"/>
      </material>
   </visual>
   <collision>
      <origin rpy="0 0 0" xyz="0 0 0.055"/>
      <geometry>
        <box size="0.25 .16 .05" />
      </geometry>
    </collision>
  </link>


 <link name="left_front_wheel">
        <inertial>
      <origin  xyz="0.08 0.08 0.025"/>
      <mass value="0.1" />
       <inertia ixx="1.0" ixy="0.0" ixz="0.0" iyy="1.0" iyz="0.0" izz="1.0"/>
    </inertial>
    <visual>
      <geometry>
        <cylinder length=".02" radius="0.025"/>
      </geometry>
      <material name="black">
        <color rgba="0 0 0 1"/>
      </material>
    </visual>
    <collision>
      <origin rpy="0 1.57075 1.57075" xyz="0.08 0.08 0.025"/>
      <geometry>
         <cylinder length=".02" radius="0.025"/>
      </geometry>
    </collision>
  </link>

  <joint name="left_front_wheel_joint" type="continuous">
    <axis xyz="0 0 1"/>
    <parent link="base_link"/>
    <child link="left_front_wheel"/>
    <origin rpy="0 1.57075 1.57075" xyz="0.08 0.08 0.025"/>
    <limit effort="100" velocity="100"/>
    <joint_properties damping="0.0" friction="0.0"/>
  </joint>

  <link name="right_front_wheel">
        <inertial>
      <origin xyz="0.08 -0.08 0.025"/>
      <mass value="0.1" />
       <inertia ixx="1.0" ixy="0.0" ixz="0.0" iyy="1.0" iyz="0.0" izz="1.0"/>
    </inertial>
    <visual>
      <geometry>
        <cylinder length=".02" radius="0.025"/>
      </geometry>
      <material name="black">
        <color rgba="0 0 0 1"/>
      </material>
    </visual>
    <collision>
      <origin rpy="0 1.57075 1.57075" xyz="0.08 -0.08 0.025"/>
      <geometry>
         <cylinder length=".02" radius="0.025"/>
      </geometry>
    </collision>
  </link>

  <joint name="right_front_wheel_joint" type="continuous">
    <axis xyz="0 0 1"/>
    <parent link="base_link"/>
    <child link="right_front_wheel"/>
    <origin rpy="0 1.57075 1.57075" xyz="0.08 -0.08 0.025"/>
    <limit effort="100" velocity="100"/>
    <joint_properties damping="0.0" friction="0.0"/>
 </joint>

 <link name="left_back_wheel">
    <inertial>
      <origin xyz="-0.08 0.08 0.025"/>
      <mass value="0.1" />
       <inertia ixx="1.0" ixy="0.0" ixz="0.0" iyy="1.0" iyz="0.0" izz="1.0"/>
    </inertial>
    <visual>
      <geometry>
        <cylinder length=".02" radius="0.025"/>
      </geometry>
      <material name="black">
        <color rgba="0 0 0 1"/>
      </material>
   </visual>
   <collision>
       <origin rpy="0 1.57075 1.57075" xyz="-0.08 0.08 0.025"/>
      <geometry>
         <cylinder length=".02" radius="0.025"/>
      </geometry>
    </collision>
  </link>

  <joint name="left_back_wheel_joint" type="continuous">
    <axis xyz="0 0 1"/>
    <parent link="base_link"/>
    <child link="left_back_wheel"/>
    <origin rpy="0 1.57075 1.57075" xyz="-0.08 0.08 0.025"/>
    <limit effort="100" velocity="100"/>
    <joint_properties damping="0.0" friction="0.0"/>
  </joint>

  <link name="right_back_wheel">
        <inertial>
       <origin xyz="-0.08 -0.08 0.025"/>
       <mass value="0.1" />
       <inertia ixx="1.0" ixy="0.0" ixz="0.0" iyy="1.0" iyz="0.0" izz="1.0"/>
    </inertial>
    <visual>
      <geometry>
        <cylinder length=".02" radius="0.025"/>
      </geometry>
      <material name="black">
        <color rgba="0 0 0 1"/>
      </material>
   </visual>
   <collision>
      <origin rpy="0 1.57075 1.57075" xyz="-0.08 -0.08 0.025"/>
      <geometry>
         <cylinder length=".02" radius="0.025"/>
      </geometry>
    </collision>
  </link>


  <joint name="right_back_wheel_joint" type="continuous">
    <axis xyz="0 0 1"/>
    <parent link="base_link"/>
    <child link="right_back_wheel"/>
    <origin rpy="0 1.57075 1.57075" xyz="-0.08 -0.08 0.025"/>
    <limit effort="100" velocity="100"/>
    <joint_properties damping="0.0" friction="0.0"/>
  </joint>

  <link name="head">
        <inertial>
      <origin xyz="0.08 0 0.08"/>
      <mass value="0.1" />
      <inertia ixx="1.0" ixy="0.0" ixz="0.0" iyy="1.0" iyz="0.0" izz="1.0"/>
    </inertial>
    <visual>
      <geometry>
        <box size=".02 .03 .03"/>
      </geometry>
          <material name="white">
                <color rgba="1 1 1 1"/>
          </material>
     </visual>
     <collision>
      <origin xyz="0.08 0 0.08"/>
      <geometry>
         <cylinder length=".02" radius="0.025"/>
      </geometry>
    </collision>
  </link>

  <joint name="tobox" type="fixed">
    <parent link="base_link"/>
    <child link="head"/>
    <origin xyz="0.08 0 0.08"/>
  </joint>
  </xacro:macro>

</robot>

gazebo属性部分:
gazebo.urdf.xacro

<?xml version="1.0"?>

<robot xmlns:controller="http://playerstage.sourceforge.net/gazebo/xmlschema/#controller" 
        xmlns:interface="http://playerstage.sourceforge.net/gazebo/xmlschema/#interface" 
        xmlns:sensor="http://playerstage.sourceforge.net/gazebo/xmlschema/#sensor" 
        xmlns:xacro="http://ros.org/wiki/xacro" 
        name="smartcar_gazebo">

<!-- ASUS Xtion PRO camera for simulation -->
<!-- gazebo_ros_wge100 plugin is in kt2_gazebo_plugins package -->
<xacro:macro name="smartcar_sim">
    <gazebo reference="base_link">
        <material>Gazebo/Blue</material>
    </gazebo>

    <gazebo reference="right_front_wheel">
        <material>Gazebo/FlatBlack</material>
        </gazebo>

        <gazebo reference="right_back_wheel">
        <material>Gazebo/FlatBlack</material>
    </gazebo>

    <gazebo reference="left_front_wheel">
        <material>Gazebo/FlatBlack</material>
    </gazebo>

    <gazebo reference="left_back_wheel">
        <material>Gazebo/FlatBlack</material>
    </gazebo>

    <gazebo reference="head">
        <material>Gazebo/White</material>
    </gazebo>

</xacro:macro>

</robot>

主文件:
smartcar.urdf.xacro

<?xml version="1.0"?>

<robot name="smartcar"  
    xmlns:xi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XInclude"
        xmlns:gazebo="http://playerstage.sourceforge.net/gazebo/xmlschema/#gz"
    xmlns:model="http://playerstage.sourceforge.net/gazebo/xmlschema/#model"
        xmlns:sensor="http://playerstage.sourceforge.net/gazebo/xmlschema/#sensor"
        xmlns:body="http://playerstage.sourceforge.net/gazebo/xmlschema/#body"
    xmlns:geom="http://playerstage.sourceforge.net/gazebo/xmlschema/#geom"
    xmlns:joint="http://playerstage.sourceforge.net/gazebo/xmlschema/#joint"
        xmlns:controller="http://playerstage.sourceforge.net/gazebo/xmlschema/#controller"
        xmlns:interface="http://playerstage.sourceforge.net/gazebo/xmlschema/#interface"
        xmlns:rendering="http://playerstage.sourceforge.net/gazebo/xmlschema/#rendering"
    xmlns:renderable="http://playerstage.sourceforge.net/gazebo/xmlschema/#renderable"
    xmlns:physics="http://playerstage.sourceforge.net/gazebo/xmlschema/#physics"
        xmlns:xacro="http://ros.org/wiki/xacro">

  <include filename="$(find smartcar_description)/urdf/smartcar_body.urdf.xacro" />

  <!-- Body of SmartCar, with plates, standoffs and Create (including sim sensors) -->
  <smartcar_body/>

  <smartcar_sim/>

</robot>

launch文件夹下
启动节点和模拟器:
smartcar_display.rviz.launch

<launch>
    <param name="/use_sim_time" value="false" />

        <!-- Load the URDF/Xacro model of our robot -->
    <arg name="urdf_file" default="$(find xacro)/xacro.py '$(find smartcar_description)/urdf/smartcar.urdf.xacro'" />
        <arg name="gui" default="false" />

        <param name="robot_description" command="$(arg urdf_file)" />
        <param name="use_gui" value="$(arg gui)"/>

        <node name="arbotix" pkg="arbotix_python" type="arbotix_driver" output="screen">
        <rosparam file="$(find smartcar_description)/config/smartcar_arbotix.yaml" command="load" />
        <param name="sim" value="true"/>
    </node>

        <node name="joint_state_publisher" pkg="joint_state_publisher" type="joint_state_publisher" >
        </node>

    <node name="robot_state_publisher" pkg="robot_state_publisher" type="state_publisher">
        <param name="publish_frequency" type="double" value="20.0" />
    </node>

         <!-- We need a static transforms for the wheels -->
    <node pkg="tf" type="static_transform_publisher" name="odom_left_wheel_broadcaster" args="0 0 0 0 0 0 /base_link /left_front_link 100" />
    <node pkg="tf" type="static_transform_publisher" name="odom_right_wheel_broadcaster" args="0 0 0 0 0 0 /base_link /right_front_link 100" />

        <node name="rviz" pkg="rviz" type="rviz" args="-d $(find smartcar_description)/urdf.rviz"/>
</launch>

config文件夹下
smartcar_arbotix.yaml

port: /dev/ttyUSB0
baud: 115200
rate: 20
sync_write: True
sync_read: True
read_rate: 20
write_rate: 20

controllers: {
   #  Pololu motors: 1856 cpr = 0.3888105m travel = 4773 ticks per meter (empirical: 4100)
   base_controller: {type: diff_controller, base_frame_id: base_link, base_width: 0.26, ticks_meter: 4100, Kp: 12, Kd: 12, Ki: 0, Ko: 50, accel_limit: 1.0 }
}

好了,这样按理来说是能运行的,至少在我的电脑上可以。

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